Before I had my allotment and was reliant on deliveries of organic vegetable boxes to keep me in fresh veg, I used to groan when my winter deliveries were full of chard. What on earth do I do with this, I would think – and inevitably it would often end up on the compost heap, unused and unloved…
Now I grow my own, Swiss chard is one of my staple winter vegetables and I’ve discovered lots of delicious ways of cooking it. Chard is extremely good for you: it is an excellent source of vitamin K, vitamin A, vitamin C, magnesium, copper, manganese, potassium, vitamin E and iron – and it tastes pretty good too! It’s also extremely easy to grow: I usually sow it along with my spinach and beetroot and early salad crops in late March/early April (weather permitting). It germinates relatively quickly, doesn’t seem to be attractive to slugs (hurrah!) and provides young leaves for salads in next to no time, followed by large leaves and stems that crop until the following year. It’s remarkably hardy, even more so than the perpetual spinach I grow it alongside, and as long as you cut down any chunky stems that threaten to flower, it really does keep on cropping and cropping. I have grown ruby chard and the Bright Lights series of multi-coloured stems (yellows and deep reds), but I think the standard white variety has the best taste and performance in the ground: I grew White Silver this year, but there are plenty to choose from.
As a general rule, you can use the leaves as you would spinach, but the stems are delicious too. They tend to need a bit more cooking, so remove the leaves and slice the stems thinly, giving them 5 or so minutes more cooking than the leaves.
So what to do with this miracle veg? I use it chopped in stir-fries or curries for extra green oomph, but it also makes a delicious Chard Gratin if you boil the stems for 5 minutes, then add the leaves to steam on top for a further 3 minutes. Turn into a shallow gratin dish and top with a cheese sauce (add freshly ground nutmeg and wholegrain mustard to taste!), then grate more cheese (Cheddar or Parmesan) on top, sprinkle with breadcrumbs and cook in a hot oven (200°C) for 20 minutes or so – delicious with casseroles, roast meat or sausages! You can do the same with Savoy cabbage for an interesting variation, and of course you could add onions or leeks if you wanted to ring the changes…
Sarah Raven also has some delicious ideas in her Garden Cookbook, including this wholesome soup, which I’ve adapted slightly to suit whatever was in my plot at the time:
Chard and Coconut Soup
350g chard (or a large bunch – whatever you have!)
1 leek, finely chopped
1 large potato, finely diced
2 medium onions, finely chopped
1 garlic clove, chopped
2 tbsp olive oil (or mixture of butter and oil)
1 litre homemade vegetable stock (or chicken if that’s what you have!)
400 ml tin coconut milk
Freshly grated nutmeg
1 bay leaf
Salt and pepper
Parsley to garnish
Prepare the chard by washing thoroughly (like spinach, it can be gritty), strip the green leaves off the stem and chop finely, then chop the stems separately.
Sweat the onion, garlic and leeks gently in the oil (or butter and oil) for about 10 minutes until soft, then add the potato and chard stems and cook for a further 5 minutes. Add the leaves, stock, bay leaf, grated nutmeg and coconut milk, stir thoroughly and bring back to the boil, then simmer for 20 minutes until everything is cooked through. Allow to cool, remove the bay leaf, then whizz in a liquidizer until smooth. Season to taste and serve with fresh bread and parsley to garnish.
This should make enough for 5-6 generous helpings and freezes beautifully.
Another of my favourite chard recipes is a vegetable side dish with extra zing. It came originally from the recipe sheets that accompanied my organic boxes, so was actually my first introduction to the charms of chard!
Chard and Tomato Bake
Bunch of Swiss chard, leaves and stems washed and chopped separately as above
1 onion, finely chopped
1 garlic clove, chopped
1 tbsp olive oil
200g tomatoes, skinned and chopped
Grated juice of 1 lemon
Handful of fresh (or frozen) breadcrumbs
Chopped herbs of your choice: oregano, basil or parsley all work well
75g grated Cheddar or Parmesan
Prepare the chard as above.
Sweat the onion and garlic in the olive oil for 10 minutes or so until soft. Add the chopped tomatoes and chard stems and cook for a further 5 mins, then add the chard leaves, herbs and grated lemon rind. Cook for a few minutes, then season, turn into a shallow gratin dish and top with the breadcrumbs and grated cheese.
Cook in a hot oven (200°C) for 15 minutes or until golden.
Delicious with sausages, chops or roast meat.
My final suggestion for chard is another ever-so-slightly adapted recipe from Sarah Raven, again from the Garden Cookbook, but I first had these on a visit to one of Sarah’s fabulous garden Open Days at Perch Hill, East Sussex, luckily not very far from me at all!
Chard and Feta Parcels
1 leek, finely chopped
200g chard, leaves only, finely chopped (or spinach)
200g feta cheese, crumbled
100g Parmesan, grated
Handful of sultanas
1 egg, beaten
Freshly ground nutmeg
Salt and pepper
1 packet filo pastry sheets
Extra melted butter
Sesame or poppy seeds to sprinkle
Cook the leek in the butter until soft, then add the finely chopped chard for a few minutes. Take off the heat and add the crumbled feta, Parmesan, egg, sultanas, nutmeg and seasoning, mixing well.
Take one sheet of filo pastry and cut into 10 cm wide strips. Brush on one side with the extra melted butter, then put 1 tbsp of the chard mixture in the top right-hand corner and fold over into a triangle, then keep folding the triangle alternately down the length of the strip, ending up with a triangular parcel, several layers thick. Transfer to a baking tray, brush with extra butter and sprinkle with sesame or poppy seeds. Repeat with the rest of the pastry until you’ve used up the chard mixture.
You can freeze at this stage, or cook the parcels in a hot oven (200°C) until golden brown.
Scrumptious with a salad for lunch or delicious picnic fare – I’ve taken these to the tennis championships at Eastbourne as part of our “posh” picnic – perfect!